How to Document Your Sales Compensation Plan

We are often involved in reviewing a client’s sales compensation plan document for clarity and completeness. What we find when we read this document is that it appears to have been “written by attorneys for attorneys.” If your plan document is the primary means by which you communicate the sales compensation to your sales people, read it from their point of view. Does it engage and inspire them? Does it make clear how they can earn significant income for doing things that truly benefit the company? Do they see themselves in alignment with the company’s goals?

Many times, the definitions and terms of conditions appear at the beginning of the document, and not until you get considerably into the Appendices or Attachments do you see how the plan works. It is important that the plan document doesn’t indirectly or inappropriately communicate the message that “We really don’t want to pay you, but if you do these things, I guess we’ll have to!”

To optimize understanding and engagement while providing legal protections, there are three guiding principles to consider:

  1. The plan description is primarily a reference document, usually in pdf format. Make it easy to find what the seller needs to know.
  2. Don’t describe every possible situation in the terms and conditions section of the document. Describe the most prevalent and develop a governance process and authorized management for sellers to find out the answer to other issues.
  3. Emphasize the awesome compensation opportunity your company is providing when the seller performs. Move the terms and conditions towards the end of the document, start with the sales strategy, compensation and quota and account assignment practices.

Below are specific guidelines for reordering and reorganizing the content of your company’s sales compensation plan description for clarity and meaning.

Cover Page

Create an inviting cover page and consider creating a tagline for your sales compensation program that ties to your strategy, e.g., “Growing. Winning. Collaborating”.

Table of Contents

Make the content a seller needs to reference easy to find with the beginning of each section and subsections identified with a page number. As a pdf, create links from the table of contents.


Describe the purpose of the document and include any legal references or terms, such as names that go in quotations, like the “Plan” or “Participant”. For example, “the purpose of this Sales Compensation Plan (“SCP”) is to communicate the philosophy, description and the most prevalent terms and conditions by which sales incentive compensation is calculated and paid at BestCompany, Inc. (“Company”).”

Plan Purpose, Effective Date and Eligibility

The reason for sales compensation is to achieve the sales strategy. The compensation plan is also meant to drive certain sales behaviors and the fulfillment of key responsibilities. The purpose of the plan should integrate the annual sales strategy and desired sales behaviors/responsibilities of the role. For example, “the purpose of the plan is to reward sellers for increasing the number of products in existing accounts, achieving or exceeding product xyz’s quota and ensuring accounts renew their contracts.”

Components of the Sales Compensation Plan

This section describes each of the components of total cash compensation, including any salary, commission, bonus and draws. Begin the section with a sentence describing the essence of the compensation, e.g., “your total compensation is designed to deliver more compensation with the achievement of higher levels of quota and from the sale of product xyz”. Equity awards are usually described in a separate document but can also be included as appropriate. Recognition programs or SPIFFS can also be described in this section.

Illustrative Example of Commission and Bonus Calculations

Examples are provided in this section to show how formulas, such as commission accelerators, work. It will require developing a sample of a realistic attainment level of quota or related targets and showing how it is calculated and paid. Then add in the annual base salary to reinforce their total potential earnings at year end. Illustrative tables and graphs help reinforce understanding. Some organizations put these illustrations at the end of the document in an appendix if there is a need to show many examples or if the plan has been in place for many years.

Territory, Account and Quota Assignments

The sales compensation plan components are not believable to sellers until they understand how accounts are assigned, what that means for quota and under what circumstances they might be reset. The tone of this section should communicate both fairness and performance in describing how quotas are assigned.

Sales Compensation Payout Timing or When Sales Incentives are Earned
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Market Competitive Executive Compensation

Companies conduct competitive compensation assessments in order to maintain market competitive pay ranges. Due to the variation in the compensation elements, surveys and internal audience, executive compensation assessments are conducted separately from the other jobs. Many organizations utilize the services of compensation consultants to ensure the independence that an outside consultant can bring in working with executives concerning their own compensation.

Sources of data for an executive compensation assessment can consist of:

  • Public company peer group data: data from public company documents (DEF 14A or 10-K) filed with the SEC provide executive philosophy, data by compensation component and the design of the short and long-term incentive programs for the top five named executive officers
  • Nonprofit company peer group data: provided W-2 cash compensation, deferred compensation, other compensation and non-taxable benefits for officers and other highly compensated employees
  • Published salary surveys by industry or general industry or compensation databases, with executive data broken down by size of company, such as revenue, assets or number of full-time employees. Some sources, such as Towers Watson or Mercer provide regression information to “predict” compensation for various company scope levels.

When there is more than one source of data for an executive role, it increases data reliability even though the data may be different. For example, a peer group and one or two survey sources is ideal. Unfortunately, many surveys that contain both executive and non-executive jobs do not report the long-term incentive data. Where there is long-term data, the data tends to be dominated by companies with larger scopes at $500M or above.

So, what’s a mid-size, for-profit, company supposed to do? As executive compensation consultants, we can either suggest a practice or we use a methodology to best replicate the value of long-term data granted to executives in order to arrive at target total direct compensation or prevalence data on executive benefits and perks.

How important is it to have a data source that surveyed just private companies and covers all elements of executive compensation? Although a private company may compete with public or larger companies for talent, solid private company data will provide important insights that can significantly impact a company’s design of its incentives and benefits/perks. Then the differences and similarities in the information can be weighed to help solidify the executive compensation philosophy and target total compensation.

You have an opportunity to have this hard to come by data: private company, mid-market compensation and benefit information covering executive base salaries, annual bonuses, long-term incentives, and key executive benefits. We have partnered with D.G. McDermott and Vivient Consulting to conduct a survey that will provide participants with current information and insights on executive compensation. The cost for the survey report is $1,500 (US) – a smart investment considering the strategic value of the customized data and insights you will receive.

When you participate and purchase the survey you will receive:

  • Easy to read, dashboard data that highlights pertinent results and top-line analysis
  • A comparison of YOUR Company’s data to other respondents by position, then by geographic area, revenue size, industry and ownership type
  • Detailed total compensation information on each of the positions that you matched to one of the 14 positions included in the survey

Learn More and Register for Survey here



AG Healey Issues Guidance for Employers on Equal Pay Law

Equal Pay Law to Keep Balance

Important information: Updated Law Goes Into Effect July 1, 2018; AG’s Office launching new website, webinar series to educate employers. Below is the news release from March 1, 2018:

BOSTON – To ensure that employers are prepared for the updated Massachusetts Equal Pay Act to go into effect this summer, Attorney General Maura Healey today issued new guidance with detailed information and online resources.

The amended law will go into effect on July 1. It provides greater clarity as to what constitutes gender-based wage discrimination, adds new protections for workers, and incentivizes employers to address gender-based pay disparities.

“More than 70 years after Massachusetts became the first state to pass an equal pay law, we still have not achieved equality in our state. We’ve now updated that law to be among the strongest in the country and taken an important step toward closing a gender pay gap that hurts Massachusetts women and families,” AG Healey said. “I thank our many partners for their help in drafting this guidance, which will assist employers in identifying and eliminating unlawful wage disparities. Working together, we can create a stronger and more equitable economy for everyone.”
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The Top Five Elements of a Strong Severance Pay Policy

This is a summary of the severance section of the full 2017 Severance and Paid-Time Off: Results from the Special Survey. Forty-five companies from a variety of industries including Technology, Manufacturing, Healthcare, Education, Financial Services, Retail and more provided information on their Severance and Paid-time-off policies and practices. The survey analyzed the data using the following employee/organizational level:

  • Executives
  • Senior Management
  • Directors
  • Managers
  • Individual Contributors
  • Services and Operations Employees (non-exempt)

To obtain the full report, please contact Tom Wilson ( or purchase from this link:

  1. Who is Eligible? Participants reported that virtually all executives (top levels) and employee groups are covered by such policies. Union employees who have severance benefits are covered by the union contracts.


  1. Under What Conditions Are Employees Eligible for Severance Payments? Employees are eligible to receive severance payments for any or all of the following reasons:
  • when there is a reorganization
  • their positions are eliminated
  • there are layoffs due to reductions in force
  • there is a change in control
  • for specific performance based terminations

Executives tend to have an employment contract or agreement that defines their severance program.


  1. How Much Severance is Paid? Practices and policies were found to vary significantly based on the information provided by participants. The greatest variance was found at senior levels of management.
  • The survey results provide an average number of minimum and maximum weeks of pay by employee/organizational level. Executives receive almost 6 times the number weeks as non-exempt employees at a minimum and 2 times as much as the average maximum. This difference typically takes into consideration that it takes longer for senior level talent to find new jobs. On average, there was no difference between Individual Contributors and Services and Operations Employees in the minimum and maximum weeks of severance. This may imply that these two categories of employees are covered by a consistent severance policy from which there is rarely much deviation.
  • The survey also provides number of weeks by years of service. Most typical severance policies base the amount of severance on years of service, with 2 to 4 weeks being the norm for those with less than 3 years of service.


  1. What Compensation is Included? For most employee groups, severance only includes base salary. In cases where incentives are a significant portion of an employee’s total compensation, the calculation of incentive is also included, the most common being target incentive. The survey also found that organizations negotiate with the employee at the time of termination what is included in the severance calculation.


In a 2015 Survey of Executive Severance, Meridian Partners from proxy data (, reported that Named Executive Officer Severance agreements typically include:

  • Cash severance
  • Current year bonus
  • Continuation of health care benefits
  • Perquisites/personal benefits
  • Vesting and settlement of long-term incentive compensation


  1. Are Agreements Required to Receive Severance? In most cases an agreement is required in exchange for the compensation received. These documents tend to include non-disclosure and non-disparagement statements, to confirm no legal action will follow as a result of the termination, but exclude non-compete and non-solicitation.

There are a variety of approaches organizations take with severance. For determining what should be your policy, ask what does your organization believe is fair, reasonable and competitive for the type of talent you attract. The challenge is to be fair, competitive, and fiscally responsible. Find the balance.